What is an orthopedic surgeon?
The job of an orthopedic surgeon includes diagnosing and treating injuries or disorders of the body’s musculoskeletal system which includes a person’s bones, joints, muscles nerves and tendons. These surgeons receive training in all aspects of this system, however, most surgeons eventually choose an area to specialize in whether it be the spine, hip, knee, hand, etc. They can also choose to specialize in a precise field such as sports medicine, trauma, reconstructive surgery or pediatrics.
Who/What does an orthopedic surgeon treat?
Orthopedic surgeons treat patients of all ages. However, those who specialize in pediatrics treat only children. They treat multiple conditions from joint disorders to fractures and tears of the bones, muscles, ligaments and tendons. Orthopedic surgeons can also treat many conditions with nonsurgical treatments such as rehabilitation, medication and exercise. If/when these treatments fail, they will suggest surgical treatments.
Below is a list of conditions that can and should be treated by a certified orthopedic surgeon:
- Back pain, severe scoliosis, or sciatica
- Dislocations or fractures
- Sports/work related injuries
- Pulled muscles, torn cartilage, or injuries to tendons
- Torn ligaments, sprains, and strains
To fix some of the above injuries and conditions, orthopedic surgeons perform numerous types of surgeries. The most common surgeries performed by orthopedic surgeons are as followed:
- Fusion – when bones are fused together with metal rods and bone grafts
- Joint replacement – the removal of a damaged joint and replacement with an artificial joint
- Soft tissue repair – the mending of torn tendons or ligaments
- Arthroscopy – when a problem is treated through a small incision with a small camera called an arthroscope
- Internal fixation – the use of metal plates, pins, or screws to hold a broken bone together in its appropriate position
Orthopedic surgeons in Long Island, New York help patients recover from various musculoskeletal problems. If you or a loved one suffers from one of the above-mentioned conditions, contact an orthopedic surgeon today.